Our Mandate

The Civil Aviation Act 2016 required the Minister to establish an Air Accident Investigation Department which is responsible for advancing transportation safety in civil aviation by:

  1. Conducting investigations in accordance with the powers and authority granted by the Act;

  2. Identifying safety deficiencies as evidenced by civil aviation occurrences; and

  3. Reporting findings and making recommendations designed to eliminate or reduce safety deficiencies.

 

The mandate of the AAID is to conduct independent investigations, including:

  • the gathering, recording and analysis of all relevant information of an accident or incident;

  • the protection of certain accident and incident investigation records in accordance with the Civil Aviation Regulations

  • if appropriate, the issuance of safety recommendations;

  • if possible, the determination of the causes and/or contributing factors; and

  • as appropriate, the completion of the Final Report.

 

The Civil Aviation Act 2016 also gives the AAID:

  • The power to investigate, or arrange by contract or otherwise for the investigation of, accidents or serious incidents occurring in or over the territory of The Bahamas; or outside the territory of any Contracting State to civil aircraft registered by the Authority, for the purpose of determining the facts, conditions and circumstances relating to each accident or incident and the probable cause thereof; and

  • The authority to participate in the investigation of accidents or incidents involving aircraft registered by the Authority and occurring in the territory of a foreign State, in accordance with the provisions of any treaty, convention, agreement or other arrangement between The Bahamas and the State in whose territory the accident or incident occurred.

 

Moreover, the Act gives the AAID:

  • The power to investigate, or arrange by contract or otherwise for the investigation of, accidents or serious incidents occurring in or over the territory of The Bahamas; or outside the territory of any Contracting State to civil aircraft registered by the Authority, for the purpose of determining the facts, conditions and circumstances relating to each accident or incident and the probable cause thereof; and

  • The authority to participate in the investigation of accidents or incidents involving aircraft registered by the Authority and occurring in the territory of a foreign State, in accordance with the provisions of any treaty, convention, agreement or other arrangement between The Bahamas and the State in whose territory the accident or incident occurred.

 

The Act states further that an investigation of an accident or incident involving:

  • Civil aircraft occurring within military sites in the territory of The Bahamas shall be the responsibility of:

  • the AAID and the military authorities jointly, with respect to the power to investigate, or arrange by contract or otherwise for the investigation of, accidents or incidents involving civil aircraft registered by the Authority, and for the purpose of determining the facts, conditions and circumstances relating to the accident or incident and the probable cause thereof;

  • The Authority, with respect to taking any corrective action intended to prevent similar accidents or incidents in the future based on the findings of the accident or incident investigations authorized under this section;

  • Civil aircraft involved in an accident or incident with a military aircraft occurring in the territory of The Bahamas or within a military site shall be the joint responsibility of the Authority and the military authorities with respect to taking any corrective action intended to prevent similar accidents or incidents in the future based on the findings of the accident or incident investigations authorized under this section;

  • An aircraft of the armed forces of any foreign State occurring in the territory of The Bahamas shall be the responsibility of the military authorities.

 

The Civil Aviation Act (2016) further states that no part of any report relating to an accident or incident investigation shall be admitted as evidence or used in a suit or action for damages arising out of any matter mentioned in such report.

These CA(IAAI)R, 2017 regulations and Schedule 1 to these regulations contains the processes and the procedures for an investigation of air accidents and serious incidents by the AAID in order to ensure compliance with Annex 13 to the Chicago Convention.

Methods of accident investigation as well as States obligations to the international aviation community are contained here in Annex 13 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation.